Interventions that may be used, but are not limited to, include the following:

Play Therapy

This is a form of therapy in which play is used as a means for children to express their feelings, thoughts, and emotions.

Sand Tray Therapy

This type of therapy uses a sandbox, toy figures, and sometimes water, to create miniature worlds that represent a child’s inner thoughts, struggles, and concerns.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

This is a therapy technique that helps individuals identify problems in their patterns of thinking, behaviors, and/or emotional responses and replace them with positive alternatives.


This therapy technique involves storytelling or the reading of specific books or literature with the purpose of healing.

Expressive Arts Therapy

This form of therapy combines psychology and the creative process to promote emotional growth and healing. This may include painting, sculpting, drawing, writing, dance, music, and drama among other forms of art.

Mindfulness Techniques

Mindfulness is the practice of purposely bringing one’s attention to the present moment without judgment. This can be done through breathing exercises, slowing down and noticing the world around you.

Strengths-Based Therapy

This form of counseling focuses on one’s internal strengths and resourcefulness, and less on weaknesses, failures, and shortcomings.

Polyvagal Theory

This theory examines how different parts of the nervous system respond to stressful situations. It explores how stress affects our sympathetic nervous system, which can then set up a defense system that may come out in emotions, behaviors, or physical symptoms.

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